At the Drug Policy Alliance we are committed to ending the drug war’s assault on families.
One out of every 14 children in this country has had a parent imprisoned. This is in large part due to the mass incarceration of people convicted of drug law violations. Even parents who avoid criminal punishment for drug use risk losing custody of their children. Almost 31% of all children placed in foster care in 2012 were removed from their homes because of “parental alcohol or drug use.” In several states that percentage surpassed 60%.
Current practices in the child welfare and family court systems make many families feel frightened and ashamed rather than supported. Punitive approaches have been shown to disproportionately impact low-income families and communities of color.
Supporting Children, Parents, and Communities
DPA believes that effective drug policy reform must include reform of child welfare policy and practice.We advocate for humane policies that protect the health, safety and rights of children and families. We fight against policies and practices that contribute to the mass criminalization of people based on their race, class and gender identities.
DPA champions the following principles when it comes to child welfare:
- The ideal way to support the best interests of children is to keep families intact, while providing adequate supportive resources to caregiver(s). Child welfare policy should reduce punitive practices, prioritize family preservation and extend more rights and protections to parents.
- Drug consumption or exposure alone is not child abuse or neglect. Non-problematic drug use and parenting can co-exist.
- When problematic parental drug use is an issue, the state should take into consideration the potential harms of investigations and interventions. Those harms should be mitigated whenever possible and not cause more harm to the family than the drug use itself.
- The positioning of physicians and other health care providers as mandated reporters can prevent pregnant and postpartum parents from seeking appropriate care. Decisions related to the health of a parent and child should be confidential and free from the threat of criminal action. Parental and fetal health are better served by making prenatal care a welcoming service. This includes offering non-judgmental, non-stigmatizing conversations about drug use and making drug treatment available if needed.
- Parents struggling with problematic substance use can recover. Recovery is best facilitated with adequate time and supportive resources promoting family unity.
- Holistic, community-based treatment models for parents with problematic substance use should be a priority for child welfare systems. Treatment should include wraparound care, which is a structured, individualized, team-based approach to coordinating services for people with complex needs.
DPA’s Colorado office has co-founded the Colorado Coalition to Protect Children and Family Rights.
DPA’s New York Policy Office has been organizing with parents and children impacted by child welfare services because of drug use.
DPA has represented leading medical and public health organizations in amicus briefs in state and federal cases opposing the criminalization of drug use during pregnancy.