Fact Sheet

¿Sólo un Regaño? Las Consecuencias Irreversibles de un Arresto por Marihuana

April 15, 2014

Los arrestos por marihuana son el motor que impulsa la guerra contra las drogas en EE.UU. En 2012 sumaron 749,825 arrestos por marihuana en EE.UU. – casi la mitad de todos los arrestos por drogas. Estos arrestos afectan de manera abrumadora a los jóvenes negros y latinos., aunque los blancos consumen y venden marihuana en aproximadamente los mismos niveles.

¿Por qué no Basta la Despenalización de la Marihuana?

April 15, 2014

La despenalización de la posesión de la marihuana es el primer paso necesario hacia las reformas más integrales del régimen de la prohibición de drogas. Sin embargo, la despenalización en sí no resuelve muchos de los daños mayores causados por la prohibición – como las tasas altas de delincuencia, corrupción y violencia, enormes mercados ilícitos, y los daños a la salud causados por la ausencia de una supervisión reguladora.

La Legalización de la Marihuana en Washington y Colorado

April 1, 2014

En noviembre de 2012, los votantes de Colorado y Washington dieron un paso histórico: de rechazar la política fracasada de la prohibición de marihuana al decidir la reglamentación legal de las ventas, el cultivo y la distribución de marihuana a los adultos mayores de 21 años. Este documento explica por qué los estados pueden optar por un camino diferente sin violar la ley federal, y resume las similitudes y diferencias entre las nuevas leyes de Colorado y Washington.

La Marihuana Medicinal

April 14, 2014

Una de las consecuencias más indignantes de la prohibición de la marihuana es que muchas personas gravemente enfermas no tienen acceso legal a la medicina que funciona mejor para ellas. Veintiún estados y el Distrito de Columbia ya han legalizado el uso medicinal de la marihuana para ciertos pacientes bajo sus leyes estatales. Los programas estatales de marihuana medicinal varían significativamente, pero la mayoría están firmemente controlados y reglamentados por los departamentos estatales de salud.

Synthetic Drugs and "Legal Highs": Establish Restrictions But Don't Criminalize Them

February 21, 2014

A series of synthetic products have emerged that simulate the effects of prohibited drugs like marijuana, ecstasy (MDMA), opioids, cocaine and methamphetamine. Often called “legal highs” or “research chemicals” and largely unregulated, these drugs may cause considerably more harm than the substances they are designed to mimic. While states and Congress have rushed to prohibit these chemicals, manufacturers have simply invented new variations of the same substances to skirt the bans.

New Zealand's Groundbreaking Regulatory Model for New Synthetic Drugs

February 21, 2014

After first attempting to prohibit various synthetic drugs, New Zealand realized that simply banning these substances was unrealistic and ineffective.  In July 2013, the country’s Parliament enacted an historic new law that will regulate and control – rather than criminalize – so-called “bath salts” and other new synthetic drugs.

Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD): Reducing the Role of Criminalization in Local Drug Control

February 21, 2014

Many U.S. cities are taking steps to reduce the role of criminalization in their local drug policies. Seattle, Washington has been at the forefront of this effort, pioneering a novel pre-booking diversion program for minor drug law violations known as Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD). Santa Fe, New Mexico and several other cities have begun exploring this promising new strategy to improve public safety and health.

Drug Decriminalization in Portugal: A Health-Centered Approach

February 21, 2014

Portugal enacted one of the most extensive drug law reforms in the world when it decriminalized low-level possession and use of all illicit drugs more than a decade ago.  Results of the Portuguese experience demonstrate that drug decriminalization – alongside a serious investment in treatment and harm reduction services – can significantly improve public safety and health.

Heroin-Assisted Treatment (HAT)

February 19, 2014

Under HAT, pharmacological heroin is administered under strict controls in a clinical setting to those who have failed in other treatments like methadone. Every published evaluation of HAT has shown extremely positive outcomes: major reductions in illicit drug use, crime, disease and overdose; and improvements in health, wellbeing, social reintegration and treatment retention. More than a half dozen countries in Europe and Canada have implemented heroin-assisted treatment (HAT) programs.

Stigma and People Who Use Drugs

March 3, 2014

There is an extensive body of literature documenting the stigma associated with alcohol and other drug problems. No physical or psychiatric condition is more associated with social disapproval and discrimination than substance dependence. For people who use drugs, or are recovering from problematic drug use, stigma can be a barrier to a wide range of opportunities and rights.

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